The Chelsea WSPU was an active branch of independent educated women. These middle class women ran a shop on the Kings Road, organised poster parades, and ran an art stall at the Prince's Rink Exhibition. They made their campaign materials in the basement of the shop. They played an important role in the window smashing campaigns of 1911-12. They even carried on producing propaganda at the start of WW1.

The WFL were the first group of women to break away from the WSPU, in November 1907.